Decentralized Randomness: The Key to Fair Games

11:56 pm
October 20, 2023
Featured image for “Decentralized Randomness: The Key to Fair Games”

In the world of quantum mechanics, the seemingly predictable and orderly universe is actually built on a foundation of unpredictability and probability. This concept of randomness extends to the metaverse, where the use of random numbers is crucial in various applications such as games, security systems, governance of decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs), and the generation of nonfungible tokens (NFTs). However, the reliance on random values produced by random number generators (RNGs) may not always result in true randomness.

The Significance of Random Numbers

Random numbers play a vital role in maintaining diversity and unpredictability in various systems. Without access to random values, games become repetitive, security systems become vulnerable, and other systems lose their effectiveness. While many systems may appear random to the observer, they often rely on pseudo RNGs (PRNGs) that generate outputs based on fixed equations rather than true randomness.

Although PRNGs can be effective for certain applications, their quality can vary significantly. Some PRNGs exhibit predictable repetition, while others can be influenced by external factors, leading to potential tampering and biased outputs. Furthermore, the inability to verify the authenticity of the generated numbers can undermine trust and transparency in blockchain systems.

The Quest for True Randomness

While PRNGs are widely used, they have their limitations. They are often centralized, which increases the risk of tampering and system-wide failures. True randomness, on the other hand, comes at a higher cost and may not always be readily available.

Decentralization and the Need for Reliability

Choosing the right RNG that aligns with the specific requirements of an application is crucial. The collapse of Axie Infinity due to a security breach serves as a reminder of the potential consequences of relying on inadequate RNGs. It is essential to prioritize decentralization, verification, security, and continuous availability when selecting an RNG.

Blockchain developers must ensure that their applications have the best possible support, as they continue to expand their vision and create more opportunities for public engagement with the technology.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What are PRNGs and TRNGs?

PRNGs (Pseudo Random Number Generators) are algorithms that generate sequences of numbers that appear random but are actually determined by fixed equations. TRNGs (True Random Number Generators) generate numbers based on truly random physical processes, such as atmospheric noise or radioactive decay.

Why are random numbers important in games?

Random numbers are essential in games to introduce uncertainty and variety, preventing the gameplay from becoming repetitive and predictable. They determine various elements in games, such as enemy encounters, item drops, and procedural level generation.

How can decentralized randomness improve fairness?

Decentralized randomness ensures that no single entity can manipulate or control the generation of random values, enhancing fairness in applications that rely on random outcomes. It eliminates the possibility of biased manipulation and fosters a transparent and trustless environment.

What is the role of randomness in blockchain systems?

Randomness in blockchain systems is crucial for tasks such as selecting validators, distributing rewards, and generating unique digital assets (NFTs). It adds an element of unpredictability and ensures fairness in the decentralized ecosystem.


Random numbers are a fundamental component of various systems, including games, security systems, DAO governance, and NFT generation. However, the reliance on PRNGs, which may not provide true randomness, can compromise the effectiveness and fairness of these systems. Decentralized randomness is vital to ensure reliability, trust, and diversity in applications, particularly within the blockchain space. Developers need to choose RNGs that meet the specific requirements of their applications and prioritize decentralization, verification, security, and continuous availability.

This article is for general information purposes and is not intended to be and should not be taken as legal or investment advice. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed here are the author’s alone and do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.


More in this category ...

2:09 am December 7, 2023

Data Monetization Strategies: Unleashing the Potential of Your Data Assets

1:00 am December 7, 2023

Successful Beta Service launch of SOMESING, ‘My Hand-Carry Studio Karaoke App’

Featured image for “Successful Beta Service launch of SOMESING, ‘My Hand-Carry Studio Karaoke App’”
12:16 am December 7, 2023

Coinbase unveils global, instant money transfers via popular messaging and social platforms

6:39 pm December 6, 2023

Decentralized Identity Management: The Power of Blockchain in Government

5:03 pm December 6, 2023

BitMEX Collaborates with PowerTrade to Introduce New Crypto Products for Traders

4:59 pm December 6, 2023

Reskilling your workforce in the time of AI

1:02 pm December 6, 2023

Assemblyman Proposes Bill to Regulate Digital Assets as Securities

Featured image for “Assemblyman Proposes Bill to Regulate Digital Assets as Securities”
9:45 am December 6, 2023

ORDI worth hits new all-time top as Bitcoin touches $42k

5:18 am December 6, 2023

Societe Generale Launches Inaugural Digital Green Bond on Ethereum Blockchain

2:33 am December 6, 2023

Bitcoin skyrockets to $44,000 as bulls brush bears apart

1:06 am December 6, 2023

DWF Labs Invests Additional $1.25M in FLOKI to Support the Ecosystem

Featured image for “DWF Labs Invests Additional $1.25M in FLOKI to Support the Ecosystem”
7:12 pm December 5, 2023

TokenFi (TOKEN) worth is up 48% as of late: Here’s why

5:38 pm December 5, 2023

Retailers can faucet into generative Computational Intelligence to beef up reinforce for patrons and staff

1:08 pm December 5, 2023

Record-Breaking Inflows in Crypto Investment Products Echo 2021 Bull Run

Featured image for “Record-Breaking Inflows in Crypto Investment Products Echo 2021 Bull Run”
12:36 pm December 5, 2023

Big Data and Analytics: Driving Efficiency in the Digital Supply Chain

11:58 am December 5, 2023

Jellyverse secures $2 million seed round to build DeFi 3.0

5:42 am December 5, 2023

A guide to efficient Oracle implementation

5:06 am December 5, 2023

From Fiat to Crypto: Exploring the Role of Regulated Exchanges in Digital Asset Adoption

4:44 am December 5, 2023

Top crypto picks to buy at rising market before it’s too late

1:10 am December 5, 2023

Core Scientific explains its latest bankruptcy plan ahead of court date

Featured image for “Core Scientific explains its latest bankruptcy plan ahead of court date”
9:36 pm December 4, 2023

Enhancing Privacy with Zero-Knowledge Proofs: The Power of Privacy-Focused Blockchains

9:29 pm December 4, 2023

Riot purchases BTC miners worth $290M from MicroBT

6:03 pm December 4, 2023

The Importance of Supply Chain Optimization in Today’s Business Environment

2:16 pm December 4, 2023

Standard Chartered Zodia integrates Ripple-owned Metaco’s crypto storage services

2:06 pm December 4, 2023

Web 3.0: The Internet of Value and Smart Contracts

1:13 pm December 4, 2023

Crypto Executives Predict Bull Run for Bitcoin in 2024, Others Disagree

Featured image for “Crypto Executives Predict Bull Run for Bitcoin in 2024, Others Disagree”
6:35 am December 4, 2023

Comparing Traditional and Decentralized Storage: What You Need to Know

6:23 am December 4, 2023

Empowering Security Analysts: Strategies to Maximize Productivity and Efficiency

1:12 am December 4, 2023

Bitcoin tops $40K for first time in 19 months, Matrixport tips $125K in 2024

Featured image for “Bitcoin tops $40K for first time in 19 months, Matrixport tips $125K in 2024”
11:01 pm December 3, 2023

How Token Economics Drive Value Creation and Incentives in Blockchain Projects